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Is Valley Fever Contagious ? – Check Here

Most of us are more or less familiar with the term ‘fever’, however, many of us don’t know about the various types of fever. If you are an inhabitant of the southwestern United States or some other parts of the world, then a rare chance is that such symptoms might indicate something else and that’s ‘valley fever’.

Valley Fever ContagiousA worth-considering point regarding valley fever is that it is not contagious that means there is no possibility to catch this fever from other people. The fungus that develops in the ground develops valley fever. The fungus spores spread into the air and people breathe those spores in.

Most of the people don’t experience any health problem after affected by Valley Fever Virus, however, whenever the signs and symptoms of this fever start appearing, they usually get eliminated automatically. Medicines are also available to provide a relief. However, in some rare scenarios, the fungus starts spreading to other body parts and that can become more serious and that’s why it’s very important to analyze what is happening. Another worth noting point is that pets can also get affected by valley fever.

Doctors use the medical term ‘coccidioidomycosis’ instead of valley fever. It is also called as desert rheumatism or San Joaquin Valley fever.

The Susceptible Locations

The issue of valley fever flourishes in the dry and desert soil. When the spores of the Valley Fever Virus get contaminated in the wind, it can start blowing them for around hundreds of miles. The Valley Fever Virus exists in the following locations of the U.S.:

  • Southwestern New Mexico
  • Areas throughout El Paso, Texas
  • Arizona
  • Eastern Washington State
  • Central as well as Southern California, specifically the San Joaquin Valley

The susceptible area also spreads into Mexico and South and Central American countries, such as Brazil, Guatemala, Colombia, Honduras, Venezuela, Paraguay, and Argentina.

Who is more susceptible to Valley Fever?

If you are going towards the affected areas, you would become more susceptible to valley fever. Someone who is aged 60 or more than that is more susceptible to get affected by Valley Fever Virus. The risk of valley fever is also greater in the following cases:

  • Individuals with inferior immune systems
  • Diabetic people
  • Pregnant ladies

African-Americans, Filipinos, Native Americans, Hispanics are susceptible to valley fever because of genetic reasons. Signs and symptoms of valley fever basically start showing up after 2 to 3 weeks the fungus affects the lungs of that person. The sufferer might start experiencing chest pains, fever, cough, night sweats, chills, joint aches, fatigue, a spotty and red rash (generally on the parts of lower legs).

In some of the cases, the issue of valley fever become very serious and the infection spreads various other parts of the patient’s body beyond the lungs.

The probable effects of valley fever are skin sores that can deteriorate, as compared to the rash that has mentioned above. Other effects include meningitis and swollen and painful joint. Meningitis is one type of infection throughout the brain as well as the spinal cord.

Rift Valley Fever Transmit & Symptoms

Rift Valley Fever (in short RVF) is caused by one type of virus that gets transmitted by mosquitoes as well as various blood-feeding flies. Basically, animals (specifically sheet and cattle) are get affected by Rift Valley Fever, however, humans can also become victims of RVF. In human beings, Rift Valley Fever can range from a mild flu-like health issue to acute haemorrhagic fever that might be fatal. Whenever livestock get infected by RVF, it can be a matter of huge economic losses because of the high rate of mortality in young animals and the number of abortions in pregnant animals.

How does Rift Valley Fever Transmit?

Rift Valley FeverIndividuals get infected with the virus of Rift Valley Fever (RVFV) via the contact with body fluids, blood, or body tissues of animals infected with RVFV and specifically the farm animals. Another worth considering the fact is that the direct contact with the affected animals can happen in times of veterinary methods, such as providing assistance to the animal in the birth procedure. Infection can also occur through breathing within droplets that are contaminated with RVFV (also called aerosol transmission). It basically occurs within the setting of the laboratory.

Individuals can hardly be infected with RVF Virus from the bites of mosquitoes, infected by Rift Valley Fever and also from other biting insects, having RVFV on their mouthparts. However, spreading RVF from person to person has not been recorded so far.

Various species of mosquito can spread Rift Valley Fever and these differ from one region to another. Environment changes, (especially rainfall), are considered among the important risk factor for outbreaks within people and animals both. Rift Valley Fever is basically noticed in times of unusually heavy rainfall as well as in localized flooding. The transmission cycle of Rift Valley Fever Virus is as follows:

The Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV) is spread from female mosquitoes to the offspring via the eggs (also known as vertical transmission).

In the eggs of infected mosquitoes, the Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV) stays in viable or infectious for several years in times of dry states. Excessive rainfall accelerates this condition and enables more mosquito eggs to get infected. With the enhancement of the mosquito populations, the potential of virus development to the animals as well as human beings also get enhanced.

Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV) outbreaks in many people and most specifically livestock that results in enhancement of infected animals that eventually increases the exposure risk of virus for human beings.

Rift Valley Fever- Signs and Symptoms

Rift Valley Fever Virus or RVFV hosts an incubation period of the duration of 2-6 days after infection of RVF occurs and it can cause multiple different disease syndromes. It has been observed that individuals, affected by RVF, don’t notice any symptoms or notice a mild illness linked to fever as well as the liver abnormalities. Patients, who experience illness, basically undergo fever, normal weakness, dizziness, and back pain during the starting phase of the illness. Usually, patients start recovery in the duration of days to one week following the beginning of the illness.

It is very important to consult a doctor in case of Rift Valley Fever (RVF).

The Easiest Treatment of Valley Fever

The term ‘fever’ is one of the most commonly used terms in our regular lives. The inhabitants of the southwestern United States or various other parts of the world are susceptible to another type of fever- ‘valley fever’. After getting attacked by valley fever, the signs and symptoms usually go away automatically. However, medicines are also available to treat its symptoms.

Treatment of Valley FeverThe fungus, responsible for valley fever, can hardly get transmitted into other body parts of a person and it can pose an overall serious problem. Therefore, it’s very important to know about valley fever in detail. Another worth-considering point is that your adorable pets can also get affected by valley fever. But, a sigh of relief is that valley fever is not contagious that means a healthy person can’t get affected by an already affected person. The fungus that develops in the ground is responsible for the issue of valley fever. Doctors use the medical term ‘coccidioidomycosis’ to indicate valley fever, however, it’s also known by other terms.

Who is more susceptible to valley fever?

In case you are going to any of the affected locations (by valley fever), then you might become susceptible to this health problem. A person with the age of 60 or more is more susceptible to valley fever.

The risk of valley fever is more in the following scenarios:

  • Individuals associated with the weaker immune systems
  • Diabetic people
  • Pregnant women

African-Americans, Filipinos, Native Americans, or Hispanics are more susceptible because of their genetic reasons.

Every disease show one or more symptoms and the symptoms of valley fever generally start developing 2 to 3 weeks after the responsible fungus attacks the lungs of a person. The symptoms of valley fever include chest pains, chills, fever, night sweats, cough, fatigue, headaches, joint aches, and a spotty and red rash, generally formed on the lower legs.

If valley fever signs and symptoms start appearing, then getting recovery from these signs might take several months, however, the recovery time depends upon the overall general health of a person. It’s also dependent on the counts of fungus spores that have affected one’s lungs.

In case the signs don’t go away automatically or if you don’t get treated, then the issue of valley fever might be proceeding towards pneumonia of long-term. It primarily happens in individuals with the weaker immune system. The signs and symptoms in this regard are an unexplained loss in weight, coughing with blood and mucus, chest pains etc.

Treatment of Valley Fever

Valley fever basically has no requirement of medical treatment. The otherwise healthy people should take sufficient bed rest and fluids. However, consultation with a doctor is important because he/she will examine you from time to time about your progress. Nowadays, valley fever natural treatment is also quite popular and you can ask your doctor about this mode of treatment.

In case the symptoms of valley fever start getting worse, your doctor would more probably prescribe a medicine that will attack the illness developed by fungus. Valley fever can also take its most extreme form when people get attacked by meningitis. In this case, medication for the lifetime might become necessary.

What Are The Symptoms of Valley Fever?

Valley fever is also known as coccidioidomycosis and it is caused by fungi, named C. posadasii and Coccidioides immitis species. This particular species is in the body of around 50%-75% of healthy people that causes zero to negligible symptoms and some people infected with these fungi never require medical care.

Valley FeverWhen signs and symptoms start getting worse, the affected people can develop lung issues, including the breathing shortness, cough, fever, chest pains, and production of sputum and it can eventually result in acute or progressive lung disorder and it might even result in disseminated lining tissue of the meninges, skeleton, skin along with other body parts. We already know that valley fever can also attack different kinds of animals, including cattle, dogs, monkeys, and otters.

Most of the microbiologists, as well as the physicians of infectious disease, prefer the term ‘coccidioidomycosis’ instead of valley fever, as this term describes it as a particular fungal disease and it can completely replace the term valley fever in the upcoming days. However, valley fever is also known as various names, including San Joaquin Valley fever, acute valley fever, desert fever, and California valley fever. Don’t get confused between valley fever and African or rift valley fever (developed by a virus).

Symptoms of Valley Fever

Around 30%-35% of individuals develop flu-like symptoms, including a cough, fever, chills, and malaise that can get resolved more than two to six weeks without getting treated. Some people might develop additional signs and symptoms, including the breathing shortness, headaches, night sweats, muscle and joint pains, and sputum production. The symptoms of valley fever resemble pneumonia.

Women might develop erythema nodosum (tender, painful, and reddish lumps specifically on the legs) or erythema multiforme (a type of allergic reaction resembles erythema nodosum, developed various body parts, accompanied rash) more than men.

The amalgamation of fever, erythema nodosum, as well as migratory joint pains, is many times termed as “desert rheumatism.” These symptoms generally get resolved in around two to six weeks.

Chronic coccidioidomycosis develops in around 8% of patients and it is also characterized by the aforementioned signs and symptoms, however, developments towards the volume loss of lungs, scarring or fibrosis and inflammation are regarded as acute complications associated with valley fever.

Disseminated coccidioidomycosis (around 1% of scenarios) can be termed by the aforementioned signs and symptoms, however, these symptoms might be developed more than weeks to years. The fungi might be discovered in any of the organ systems but they are basically seen in the bones, meninges, and skin. In some people, valley fever becomes fatal. The disseminated disease develops most prominently in immunosuppressed people, pregnant ladies, and males.

Other mammals, such as dogs can also get infected. Around 28% of dogs up to the 2 years of age might get affected by valley fever and around 6% of these dogs show the symptoms like the breathing shortness, cough, alleviated appetite, and listlessness. The issue of valley fever might get progressed and so it’s very important to consult a doctor as soon as possible.

How Do You Treat Valley Fever ?

Most of us are aware of the term ‘fever’ and many of us are familiar with the term ‘flu’ but do you know how many types of fever are there? In the regions of the southwestern United States and some other areas in the world, a rare chance is that such signs indicate a type of fever and it is valley fever.

Valley FeverIf you are not familiar with this term, then you will have some relief that valley fever isn’t contagious in nature. The ground fungus causes this particular health problem. The fungus spores’ transmit through the air and people unknowingly breathe that contaminated air.

Most of the individuals don’t get sick and whenever valley fever starts showing symptoms, these symptoms generally go away automatically otherwise medicines are given to clear these symptoms. However, in rare scenarios, the fungus starts spreading various other parts of the body and that can convert situations more critical and therefore it’s very important to know about this matter before it affects you. Another worth noting point in this regard id your adorable pets can also get affected with valley fever and nowadays natural treatment for valley fever in dogs are also available.

Healthcare providers use the medical term ‘coccidioidomycosis’ for valley fever. This fever is also called ‘desert rheumatism’ or ‘San Joaquin Valley fever’.

Diagnosis of Valley Fever

The diagnosis of valley fever is not very easy relying only on its signs as well as symptoms, as its signs are generally vague and might get overlapped with symptoms that develop in other health issues as well. You will be astonished to know that a chest X-ray even fails to distinguish between valley fever and other lung disorders.

A proper diagnosis of valley fever is dependent on the traces of coccidioides organisms in blood, tissue or some other body secretions and that’s why your doctor might recommend you to undergo one or more tests specified below.

  • Sputum smear or culture: The particular test takes the sample of a matter that is released in times of coughing or sputum in the presence of coccidioides organisms.
  • Blood Tests: Your doctor can check your body’s antibodies against the fungus that is responsible for valley fever via a blood test.

Treatment for Valley Fever

  • Rest: It’s true that most of the individuals, suffering from serious valley fever, don’t need any sort of treatment. Even whenever symptoms are acute, the best treatment for transferring into a healthy life is bed rest as well as fluids. However, consultation with a doctor is very important. The valley fever natural treatment is also popular in people.

  • Anti-fungal Medications: If signs and symptoms don’t get better or get worse with the passing time, then an enhanced risk of further complications might develop and in this state, your doctor might prescribe an anti-fungal medication. Such types of medications are also utilized with the acute or disseminated health issue. You can also consult your doctor about valley fever medications.

More acute infection might be treated primarily with an intravenous antifungal medication, including amphotericin B.